*The Business Cycle and the Future*(1999), he states:

I began with the very basic naive approach of simply adding up all the financial panics between 1683 and 1907 and dividing 224 years by the number of panics being 26 yielding 8.6 years. Well, this didn’t seem to be very valid at first, but it did allow for a greater amount of data to be tested compared to merely 3 waves described by Kondratieff.

...The issue of intensity seemed to revolve around periods of 51.6 years, which was in reality a group of 6 individual business cycles of 8.6 years in length.

In Armstrong's article, he further subdivides the 8.6 year cycle into four 2.15 year intervals, and lists several dates going into the future. Let's find out what is going on with the planets on these dates....The total number of days within an 8.6-year business cycle was 3141. In reality, the 8.6-year cycle was equal to p (Pi) * 1000

The Economic Confidence Model in 2.15-year intervals

1998.55... 07/20/982000.7.... 09/13/002002.85... 11/08/022005.... 01/02/052007.15... 02/27/072009.3... 04/23/092011.45... 06/18/112013.6... 08/12/132015.75... 10/07/152017.9... 12/01/172020.05... 01/26/202022.2... 03/22/222024.35... 05/16/242026.5... 07/11/262028.65... 09/04/28

The Venus orbital cycle is 224.7 days. Seven orbits of Venus complete in 4.3 years, or two 2.15-year cycles (224.7*7/365.25 = 4.3). So each 2.15-year cycle traces 3.5 orbits of Venus. For the dates listed above, the position of Venus oscillates between the 2 points indicated in the following picture.

Venus positions at Armstrong 2.15-Year Cycles |

**Each Armstrong 2.15-year cycle tracks 3.5 orbits of Venus.**

The Mars orbital cycle is 687 days, or 1.88 years. Every (slightly more than) 15 years, Mars makes 8 complete orbits (8x687/365.25 = 15.05). Each 7th of this 15.05-year period (or 2.15 years) reveals a consistent placement of Mars in the Zodiac, labeled 1 through 7 in the following picture. So, starting with position 1, Mars makes a complete revolution back to 1 plus an advancement to position 2 in the 2.15 year interval. The spacing is not even however because Mars travels faster when it is near Pisces/Aries, and slower near Virgo/Libra.

Mars Positions at Armstrong 2.15-Year Cycles |

**Each Armstrong 2.15-year cycle tracks 8/7 of an orbit of Mars (in**

*time*not*space*).At the same time, Jupiter is making a similar dance. Jupiter's orbital cycle is 4,333 days, or 11.86 years. Every 11 2.15-year cycles, Jupiter makes 2 complete revolutions (11x2.15/11.86 = 2). The 11 positions of Jupiter for the 2.15-year cycles is shown below.

Jupiter Positions at Armstrong 2.15-Year Cycles |

The chart of planets for each 2.15-year cycle is shown again, this time labeling the Jupiter positions as they correspond to the above picture.

**Each Armstrong 2.15-year cycle tracks 2/11 of an orbit of Jupiter (in**

*time*).In summary, each 2.15-year cycle tracks:

- 3 1/2 orbits of Venus
- 8/7 orbits of Mars
- 2/11 orbits of Jupiter

On a much larger scale, there are 1000 2.15-year cycles in an astrological

*age*(2,150 years), and 12,000 cycles in the precession of the equinox (~25,800 years).